Fort Leavenworth has been a military asset to the United States for over 170 years. Located off Metropolitan Avenue in Leavenworth, Kansas, it was established in 1827 by Colonel Henry Leavenworth. It began as a base of operations for dealing with the Indians on the frontier, and continued to have many uses for military operations from the moment it was established through the modern times of today. Another one of Fort Leavenworth’s early uses was as an outfitting post during the war with Mexico, and soldiers from Fort Leavenworth protected the wagon trains that hauled supplies to western forts and outlying areas.
When Kansas became a territory, the governor at the time, Andrew Reeder, set up his executive office and quarters known as "The Rookery." When the Civil War broke out, Fort Leavenworth was used as a training camp for Kansas volunteers. Because it was heard that a Confederate army led by General Price was approaching, earthworks were built to hold artillery, but they were never used. General Price was defeated at what is now part of Kansas City.
After the Civil War ended, Fort Leavenworth was mainly used to control Indian uprisings. The soldiers at Fort Leavenworth engaged in combat with various Indian groups over 1000 times between 1865 and 1891.
One very impressive incident in Fort Leavenworth’s history was the establishment of two black regiments under the command of Colonel Benjamin Grierson. A monument to the Buffalo Soldiers, as they were called stands at Fort Leavenworth today.
The U.S. Disciplinary Barracks at Fort Leavenworth was established in 1875. In 1881, General William T. Sherman established the School of Infantry and Cavalry, which eventually became the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. The military school at Fort Leavenworth has turned out some of the most well-known men in history, such as Dwight D. Eisenhower and George S. Patton.
The National Cemetery at Fort Leavenworth is one of twelve cemeteries established by Abraham Lincoln, and veterans have been buried there since the War of 1812. Colonel Henry Leavenworth, whom the fort is named after is buried in this cemetery.
Fort Leavenworth has a variety of historic sites that are considered important and significant for both the Army and the United States. It has been declared a National Landmark since 1960. Fort Leavenworth continues its contributions to this country in a variety of ways.
Fort Leavenworth has a vivid and interesting past. Visitors to this area of Kansas should make the effort to see this important part of U.S. history. Tours of the base include many historic sites as well as some of the modern operations. Interested groups can contact the Public Affairs Office (PAO) at 913-684-5604 to arrange a guided tour of the base.
Fort Leavenworth – Leavenworth Kansas